Flooring Types,
Pros and Cons

Compare various flooring,
know the pros and cons
of each.

Various Flooring
Pros and Cons

Different Flooring
the Good and the Bad


The term flooring is used to
describe the surface that we
walk over in the home.

Some types of flooring are
not suitable for certain
locations,because of
moisture, traffic, allergies,
U/V concerns and pets.

A lot of thought is needed
when choosing flooring,
the price may be a concern
and whether you will you
be able to install the
flooring yourself.

Is a lot of maintenance
required, is a question to
ask yourself.

What are the long term
requirements, such as
grouting, top sealing,
sanding and refinishing.

Is the daily clean-up easy.

How does the floor feel to
walk on, soft, hard, or cold?

Wood Flooring

Wood flooring has certainly
been around for a long time
in this country.

Wood is natural, the perfect
choice for people who suffer
from allergies.

Wood can be used for the
flooring in dens, bedrooms,
dining rooms and living

Wood floors, planks can be
replaced if necessary,
without ripping up the
entire floor.

Wood floors can be
refinished many times to
restore its natural beauty.

Wood is susceptible to
moisture and temperature

Water spills must be dealt
with immediately.

Wood naturally darkens
with age.

The softness of wood allows
a floor to be scratched and

Wood floors wear faster
than other types of flooring,
but they can be refinished.

Wood floors can develop
squeaks when walked on.

Wood can warp, and slivers
can develop on the edges.

Newer wood floor products
like Mannington flooring
have five ply cross-grain, to
prevent buckling and gaps.
The wood never needs
refinishing or waxing.

The ultra wear finish gives
very good protection
against wear and tear.

Hardwood Floors.

Hardwood floors are very
expensive because of the
labor and material to install

The wood is susceptible to
moisture and changes of
heat, and temperature,
which can cause splinters,
and gaps in the joints to

The floors can be scratched
by pets, and will need
re-sanding and top coating
in time.

Floating Wood
Tile Floors.

Floating wood tile floors are
composed of a synthetic
material that looks like wood
or stone.

The top look, or design is
laminated into the product
and then coated with a very
hard, durable coating.

The product is relatively
easy to install, and very
few tools are required.

Most floating wood floors
are of the tongue and
groove design, where tile
planks click together, and
no adhesive is required.

The tile product is stain
resistant, and easy to

The product can seem hard

The tile can be slippery
when wet.

The tile can show scuff
marks, pets may be a

Stone Flooring

Stone flooring includes
marble, granite, travertine
slate, and limestone.

Stone is very beautiful.

Stone flooring is a very
expensive product to
install because of the
price of the product,
and labor cost.

Stone is hard wearing,
fire proof, stain proof,
and is easy to keep

Stone absorbs no water,
and does not rot.

It is a perfect choice in
high humidity areas.

Stone flooring needs
regular sealing, and be
regularly polished.

Honed stone must be sealed

Marble is damaged by

Limestone and slate tend
to collect dirt.

Rock is cold and hard

The glossy surface can
be very slippery when wet.

Drop a glass or dish, and
it will probably shatter.

Ceramic or Porcelain
Tile Flooring

Ceramic and Porcelain tile
have been around a long
time and have well proved
themselves over time.

There is a wide assortment
of colors and square shapes.

The tiles are stain resistant,
and imperfections are not
easily detected.

Tiles are easily cleaned.

Tile can look like stone,
and is best suited for
the kitchen, laundry,
foyers and bathroom.

Because tile has a very
hard surface, it is not
suitable for easy living
areas, as tile is hard and
cold underfoot.

Tile can be used indoors as
well as outdoors.

The glazed flooring is
resistant to fire, scratches,
odor, moisture, stains,
bacteria and allergens.

Ceramic tile can crack
and chip, and not easily

The shiny tile is slippery
when wet.

Grout can crack, discolor
and be hard to remove
and replace.

Maintenance of grout is

Breakable kitchen items
may break if dropped on
a hard tile floor.

Carpet Flooring

Carpets are a soft floor
covering, made of woven,
natural or synthetic
materials, such materials
are nylon, wool, acrylic,
and polyesters.

Carpets are a good choice in
colder climates, they keep
feet warm, and are a soft
material for small children to
play on.

Carpets hides irregularities
and imperfections in the
sub floor.

Carpets are suitable for
dens, bedrooms, dining
rooms, and living rooms.

Carpets are not a good
choice for people with
allergies to dust, and

Carpets tends to quiet a
room, a good choice where
someone snores, or where
the bedroom is close to
busy outside traffic.

Carpets need more than a
regular vacuuming, as they
are cloth like, and get
dirty, and retain odors.

The carpets need to be
shampooed, or steam
cleaned on a regular basis.

Any dye type foods
dropped on the rug, like
blueberries can cause
stains that can be very
difficult to remove.

Burn marks can ruin
a rug.

Pets such as a cat like to
scratch rugs, and can
damage them.

Children's crayons, paints,
and glitter are also hard
to clean from rugs.


Indoor-outdoor carpet
handles moisture very well,
and is a good choice as
a transition from the
outdoors to indoor tile or
wood floors.

Resilient Flooring

Resilient flooring such as
linoleum, vinyl composition
tiles, sheet vinyl, cork tiles,
and rubber tiles all have
some elastic properties.

They are inexpensive,
durable, stain-resistant,
easy on the feet, handle
moisture, easy to maintain,
and affordable.

Heavy furniture can cause
dents and tears in this soft

If moisture is allowed to
enter seams, this can lead
to mildew, and lifting.

Vinyl flooring can handle
high traffic and pets.

Modern linoleums wear
better than vintage

Linoleum needs to be
waxed and polished from
time to time.

It is a difficult product to
repair when damaged.

Linoleums tend to shrink
with age, causing the
sides to curl upward.

It is because of this curling
problem, that they are
better glued down.

Chemical Floors

Latex, urethane, polyesters
and epoxy compounds
are all used to create
durable floors.

The use of these products
require extensive labor
and therefore more
expensive to install.

There is a certain amount
of odor during the gas-off
stage of curing.

Bamboo Flooring

Bamboo is an
environmentally friendly

When bamboo is cut, it
can grow back in a short
period of time.

Bamboo flooring is easy
to clean, calming and easy
on the eyes.

The product is very hard
and resists moisture, a
good choice for kitchens,
bathrooms and laundry

Because the bamboo is
hard, it resists dents and
scratches, but remains
friendly to the feet.

Only low maintenance is
required to keep it clean.

Some urea formaldehyde
chemical fumes are
released while it cures.

Cork Flooring

Cork flooring is also an
environmentally friendly

The product is easy to
install, resistant to fungal,
and microbial, and pests.

Cork flooring is
anti-allergic, water
resistant and cleans
up well.

Cork flooring is not as
durable as vinyl, and
must be sealed, although
some cork products come
with a sealed coating.

Laminate Flooring

Laminate is easy to install,
has the look of hardwood,
without the maintenance.

Laminate is inexpensive,
resistant to scratches,
burns and stains.

Laminate is moisture
resistant, but large spills
must be wiped up

The product is very
durable, it is a good
choice for high traffic

Laminate is quieter when
placed over underlay.

Laminate is susceptible
to damage from U/V light
(sun light), it should not be
where the sun shines directly
onto the floor.

Parquet Flooring

Parquet flooring can provide
years of use, it only requires
a little maintenance to keep
it looking good.

Regular polishing will help
keep it in tip top shape.

Considering it as finished
flooring in itself, it is
affordable to install.

Because it is wood, it
does not do well with
high or low room
moisture content.

Parquet flooring scratches

It will fade in direct sunlight
over time.

Periodically it needs to be
and re-sealed.

Rubber Floors

Rubber floors are non slip
when dry, but become very
slippery when wet.

Rubber floors have a
comfortable surface to
stand or walk on, and it
is very durable.

Rubber is not affected
very much with changes
of moisture content in
the room.

Because moisture can
not pass though it, a
noted damp basements
is not a good location
for rubber flooring,
mold and mildew can
develop under the flooring.

Rubber flooring scratches
easy, grease and oil
spills can leave lasting

The flooring is attractive,
and easy to clean, the
installation is also easy.

The biggest drawback
is the odor rubber gives
off, it can be present
for a long time.


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Comparing Types
of Flooring,
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