Flooring Types,
Pros and Cons

Compare various flooring,
know the pros and cons
of each.

Various Flooring
Pros and Cons

Different Flooring
the Good and the Bad


The term flooring is used to
describe the surface that we
walk over in the home.

Some types of flooring are
not suitable for certain locations,
because of moisture, traffic,
allergies, U/V concerns
and pets.

A lot of thought is needed
when choosing flooring,
the price may be a concern
and whether you will you
be able to install the
flooring yourself.

Is a lot of maintenance
required, is a question to
ask yourself.

What are the long term
requirements, such as
grouting, top sealing, sanding
and refinishing.

Is the daily clean-up easy.

How does the floor feel to
walk on, soft, hard, or cold?

Wood Flooring

Wood flooring has certainly
been around for a long time
in this country.

Wood is natural, the perfect
choice for people who suffer
from allergies.

Wood can be used for the
flooring in dens, bedrooms,
dining rooms and living rooms.

Wood floors, planks can be
replaced if necessary, without
ripping up the entire floor.

Wood floors can be
refinished many times to
restore its natural beauty.

Wood is susceptible to
moisture and temperature

Water spills must be dealt
with immediately.

Wood naturally darkens
with age.

The softness of wood allows
a floor to be scratched and

Wood floors wear faster than
other types of flooring, but
they can be refinished.

Wood floors can develop
squeaks when walked on.

Wood can warp, and slivers
can develop on the edges.

Newer wood floor products
like Mannington flooring
have five ply cross-grain, to
prevent buckling and gaps.
The wood never needs
refinishing or waxing.

The ultra wear finish gives
very good protection
against wear and tear.

Hardwood Floors.

Hardwood floors are very
expensive because of the
labor and material to install

The wood is susceptible to
moisture and changes of
heat, and temperature,
which can cause splinters,
and gaps in the joints to

The floors can be scratched
by pets, and will need
re-sanding and top coating in

Floating Wood
Tile Floors.

Floating wood tile floors are
composed of a synthetic
material that looks like wood
or stone.

The top look, or design is
laminated into the product
and then coated with a very
hard, durable coating.

The product is relatively easy
to install, and very few
tools are required.

Most floating wood floors are
of the tongue and groove
design, where tile planks click
together, and no adhesive
is required.

The tile product is stain
resistant, and easy to clean.

The product can seem hard

The tile can be slippery when

The tile can show scuff marks,
pets may be a consideration.

Stone Flooring

Stone flooring includes marble,
granite, travertine slate, and

Stone is very beautiful.

Stone flooring is a very expensive
product to install because of the
price of the product, and labor cost.

Stone is hard wearing, fire proof,
stain proof, and is easy to keep

Stone absorbs no water, and
does not rot.

It is a perfect choice in high
humidity areas.

Stone flooring needs regular
sealing, and be regularly

Honed stone must be sealed

Marble is damaged by

Limestone and slate tend
to collect dirt.

Rock is cold and hard

The glossy surface can be
very slippery when wet.

Drop a glass or dish, and it
will probably shatter.

Ceramic or Porcelain
Tile Flooring

Ceramic and Porcelain tile have
been around a long time
and have well proved
themselves over time.

There is a wide assortment
of colors and square shapes.

The tiles are stain resistant,
and imperfections are not
easily detected.

Tiles are easily cleaned.

Tile can look like stone,
and is best suited for the
kitchen, laundry, foyers and

Because tile has a very hard
surface, it is not suitable
for easy living areas, as tile
is hard and cold underfoot.

Tile can be used indoors as
well as outdoors.

The glazed flooring is resistant
to fire, scratches, odor,
moisture, stains, bacteria
and allergens.

Ceramic tile can crack and
chip, and not easily repaired.

The shiny tile is slippery
when wet.

Grout can crack, discolor and
be hard to remove and replace.

Maintenance of grout is required.

Breakable kitchen items may
break if dropped on a hard
tile floor.

Carpet Flooring

Carpets are a soft floor covering,
made of woven, natural or
synthetic materials, such
materials are nylon, wool,
acrylic, and polyesters.

Carpets are a good choice in
colder climates, they keep
feet warm, and are a soft
material for small children to
play on.

Carpets hides irregularities
and imperfections in the
sub floor.

Carpets are suitable for dens,
bedrooms, dining rooms, and
living rooms.

Carpets are not a good choice for
people with allergies to dust, and

Carpets tends to quiet a room,
a good choice where someone
snores, or where the bedroom
is close to busy outside traffic.

Carpets need more than a
regular vacuuming, as they
are cloth like, and get
dirty, and retain odors.

The carpets need to be
shampooed, or steam
cleaned on a regular basis.

Any dye type foods dropped
on the rug, like blueberries
can cause stains that can
be very difficult to remove.

Burn marks can ruin a rug.

Pets such as a cat like to
scratch rugs, and can
damage them.

Children's crayons, paints,
and glitter are also hard
to clean from rugs.


Indoor-outdoor carpet handles
moisture very well, and is a
good choice as a transition
from the outdoors to indoor
tile or wood floors.

Resilient Flooring

Resilient flooring such as
linoleum, vinyl composition
tiles, sheet vinyl, cork tiles,
and rubber tiles all have
some elastic properties.

They are inexpensive, durable,
stain-resistant, easy on the
feet, handle moisture, easy
to maintain, and affordable.

Heavy furniture can cause
dents and tears in this soft

If moisture is allowed to
enter seams, this can lead
to mildew, and lifting.

Vinyl flooring can handle
high traffic and pets.

Modern linoleums wear better
than vintage linoleums.

Linoleum needs to be waxed
and polished from time
to time.

It is a difficult product to
repair when damaged.

Linoleums tend to shrink
with age, causing the sides
to curl upward.

It is because of this curling
problem, that they are better
glued down.

Chemical Floors

Latex, urethane, polyesters
and epoxy compounds are all
used to create durable floors.

The use of these products require
extensive labor and therefore
more expensive to install.

There is a certain amount of
odor during the gas-off stage
of curing.

Bamboo Flooring

Bamboo is an environmentally
friendly product.

When bamboo is cut, it can
grow back in a short period
of time.

Bamboo flooring is easy to clean,
calming and easy on the eyes.

The product is very hard
and resists moisture, a good
choice for kitchens,
bathrooms and laundry areas.

Because the bamboo is hard,
it resists dents and scratches,
but remains friendly to the feet.

Only low maintenance is
required to keep it clean.

Some urea formaldehyde
chemical fumes are released
while it cures.

Cork Flooring

Cork flooring is also an
environmentally friendly option

The product is easy to install,
resistant to fungal, and microbial,
and pests.

Cork flooring is anti-allergic,
water resistant, and cleans
up well.

Cork flooring is not as
durable as vinyl, and must
be sealed, although some cork
products come with a sealed

Laminate Flooring

Laminate is easy to install, has
the look of hardwood, without
the maintenance.

Laminate is inexpensive,
resistant to scratches, burns
and stains.

Laminate is moisture resistant,
but large spills must be wiped
up immediately.

The product is very durable,
it is a good choice for high
traffic areas.

Laminate is quieter when
placed over underlay.

Laminate is susceptible to
damage from U/V light (sun light),
it should not be where the sun
shines directly onto the floor.

Parquet Flooring

Parquet flooring can provide years
of use, it only requires a little
maintenance to keep it looking good.

Regular polishing will help keep
it in tip top shape.

Considering it as finished flooring
in itself, it is affordable to install.

Because it is wood, it does not
do well with high or low room
moisture content.

Parquet flooring scratches easily.

It will fade in direct sunlight
over time.

Periodically it needs to be sanded
and re-sealed.

Rubber Floors

Rubber floors are non slip when
dry, but become very slippery
when wet.

Rubber floors have a comfortable
surface to stand or walk on,
and it is very durable.

Rubber is not affected very much
with changes of moisture
content in the room.

Because moisture can not pass
though it, a noted damp
basements is not a good
location for rubber flooring,
mold and mildew can develop
under the flooring.

Rubber flooring scratches
easy, grease and oil spills can
leave lasting stains.

The flooring is attractive,
and easy to clean, the
installation is also easy.

The biggest drawback is the
odor rubber gives off, it can be
present for a long time.


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