Painting Instructions
For in the Home


Home Decorative painting
Instruction and Tips.




Painting Instructions
For in the Home



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Decorating with Paint



Most do-it-yourself people
like to paint, because
painting is quite simple
and the benefits are
immediate.

Even if you have never
painted before, it does
not take long before,
anyone will not be able
to tell that you are new
to painting.

Painting is the quickest way
to decorate, in one evening
a room can have a new
clean look.

Paint is also the most
economical way to
decorate.

You can schedule a room
at a time and paint when
you have time.

There is also no expensive
out lay of tools required
to do the job.

With the latest water based
paints, clean up is fast and
there is no harsh odors to
content with.
The paint industry has
moved away from oil
based paints.



Choosing a Good
Paint Brush



There are two thoughts on
buying a paint brush, one
thought is buy a good set
of lasting brushes because
quality counts, but is more
expensive.

The other thought is to buy
cheap brushes, use them
until the job is done and
toss them.

The better quality brush
will produce less streaks,
hold more paint, and drip
less off the brush,

Cheap brushes have a
tendency to drip paint
from the paint can to
the work area, and drip
off the brush at the wall.

The cheaper paint brushes
shed bristles and are hard
to control, especially when
trying to cut a clean line.


Feel the brush



Stroke the brush against
the back of your hand,
and feel the bristles for
softness.

Look for a supple, paint
brush, with flagged tips
(split ends), this help
smooth out brush marks,
and hold the paint better.

Check that the hair or
filament are packed solid
so they will hold the paint
and dispense the paint
to the flagged tips as
you paint.

The more paint the brush
can safely hold, means
less trips to the paint can.

Some better brushes have
care instructions on the
back of the brush.

Before using a new paint
brush, wash it in water,
this will remove any
loose bristles.

Once a brush falters,
don't throw it away,
keep it as a duster



Proper Use
of a Paint Brush



Dip the brush into the
paint to one-third the
length of the bristles.

Scrap both sides of the
brush against the paint
can before removing.

By applying this method,
you can prevent paint
mess and wastage.

There are two types of
brushes, natural-bristle
and synthetic.

Use the natural bristle
brush for any oil based
paint and the synthetic
brush for any water
thinned paint.

If you use the natural
bristle brush with water
thinned paint, the bristles
will blob together like a
mop and result in a
streaked finish.


Paint Brush Loading



Load the brush properly to
make the paint flow and
spread evenly.

Dip the paintbrush into
paint, 1/3 of the bristle
length for water-based
paint, and 1/4 bristle
length for solvent-based
paint.

Lightly scrape off all sides
onto the rim of the paint
can.

The correct amount of
paint on the brush helps
prevent drips and runs.


Preventing Roller
Brush Marks



To prevent roller and brush
marks, finish off with the
unloaded paintbrush or
roller.
Finish up using very light
pressure stokes with the
paint roller, and light tip
stokes with a brush.



Painting in Sunlight



When painting in sunlight
do not use ordinary
masking tape.

Use professional masking
tape, quality masking tape
stands up better and is
easier to remove.

Ordinary masking tape
tends to rip while unrolling
layers off the roll, which
wastes your time.



Paint Viscosity



To check paint viscosity,
dip a mixing stick into
the paint, lift it out, and
let most of the paint run
off.
The remaining paint should
drip off the stick at one drip
per second.

This is the right viscosity
for best handling.



Paint Can Tips



Before storing partly used
paint, mark the level of the
paint on the outside of the
can with a felt marker pen.

Next time, you will know
how full the can is, without
having to open the can.

After you remove the lid
from a metal paint can,
take a screwdriver, and
hammer, and drive three
or four holes in the rim
of the paint can lid
groove.

Any paint gathering on
the rim of the can will
drain back into the paint
can.

These holes seal over,
when you apply the lid.

Before hammering down
the lid on the paint can,
place the lid in place,
cover with a rag and tap
the lid into place.

This will prevent spatters.



Hair, Nylon,
and Polyester



Animal-hair brushes is
used for oil-based paints

Nylon and polyester
brushes are used for oil
based or water based
paints.

Do not use the same brush
for both oil and water
based paints.

The remnant solvents left
in the brush from the
latex paint will react with
the oil based paint
leaving a gummy mess.

Mark the handles to
distinguish them; paint
the handles red for oil
and blue for latex.



Hardened Paint
Brush



To revive a paintbrush
with dried oil base paint,
place it in a pot of white
vinegar and simmer for
ten to fifteen minutes.
Rinse the bristles in
water and hang to dry.


Stiff Paint Brush



To un-stiff a paintbrushes,
place in a solution of one
pint of water to one
tablespoon of hair
conditioner, soak for a
few minutes, and work
it in, then rinse in clean
water and hang to dry.

TSP all-purpose heavy
duty cleaner mixed in
warm water will give
good results.
Leave the brushes to
soak and check from
time to time.



Save on Clean-Up



To save on the cleanup,
turn a plastic bag inside
out and place over paint
trays; simply discard
plastic bag when you are
finished rolling.

For unfinished paint jobs,
wrap paint brushes in a
plastic bag and place in a
freezer, simply remove
the next day and
continue painting.

If you are distracted for a
few minutes, in the middle
of a paint project, wrap
your paint brush in a
damp rag, this will keep
the paint from hardening.



How to Position
a Ladder



To place a ladder at the
correct angle, stand with
your toes touching the
base of the ladder.
While standing straight,
you should be able to
grasp a ladder rung at
shoulder height.

You can also use the formula,
one quarter the height of
the ladder will be the
distance from the wall to
the base of the ladder.

Never stand a ladder on a
drop cloth as it could slide
out from under you while
you are standing on it.

If you are working outside,
drive in stakes at the base
of the ladder or tie off the
lower ladder rung to
something solid.

When working on a ladder
use your arms to reach,
not your body.

Always collapse an extension
ladder before moving.

Never climb a closed
stepladder.

Never climb higher than
two feet from the top of
a stepladder.

Never Sit on top of a
stepladder no matter
how appealing it may
seem.

When doing a lot of ladder
work use square heeled
shoes, with durable synthetic
rubber soles.


Hanging A paint
Can ona Ladder



To hang a paint can on
a ladder rung, make an S
shaped hook from some
very stiff wire, such as
heavy-duty clothes
hanger wire.



Painting Stairs
Steps



The first step necessary
to paint a room is to patch
holes, scrap off lumps,
and remove all the
hardware.

Properly preparing a room
is the secret to obtaining
profession results.

Generally flat white paint
is used on ceilings and
semi-gloss paint is used
on the walls.

Paint the ceiling first.

With a brush, paint a
2-3 inch strip around
the complete ceiling
edge.

Use a paint roller to
complete the rest of the
ceiling, a long handled
paint roller works very
well.

Go slow, spinning the
roller too fast can cause
paint to fly off the roller.

After the ceiling dries, paint
a strip around the room
walls, next to the ceiling.

With a brush, also paint
around electrical outlets
and receptacles.

Paint with a brush
anywhere you cannot
get a paint roller.

Finish painting the walls
with a paint roller.

After painting a room and
before replacing light
receptacle plates, mark
on the back, of the plates,
the date, paint color and
brand of paint.
This will be handy
information when buying
paint at a later date.



Estimating Paint
Quantity



Determine the square
footage of the area to be
painted, multiply the length
of each wall by the height
of the wall.

Ignore doors and windows
measurements.

Then add ten percent to the
figure.

You will have the needed
information for the paint
people. They will tell you
how much paint you will
need.


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