Painting Instructions
For the Home


Home Decorative painting
Instruction and Tips.




Painting Instructions
For the Home



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Decorating with Paint



Most do-it-yourself people like
to paint, because painting is
quite simple and the
benefits are immediate.

Even if you have never
painted before, it does not
take long before, anyone
will not be able to tell that
you are new to painting.

Painting is the quickest way
to decorate, in one evening
a room can have a new
clean look.

Paint is also the most
economical way to decorate.

You can schedule a room
at a time and paint when
you have time.

There is also no expensive
out lay of tools required
to do the job.

With the latest water based
paints, clean up is fast and
there is no harsh odors to
content with.
The paint industry has moved
away from oil based paints.



Choosing a Good
Paint Brush



There are two thoughts on
buying a paint brush, one
thought is buy a good set of
lasting brushes because
quality counts, but is more
expensive.

The other thought is to buy
cheap brushes, use them
until the job is done and
toss them.

The better quality brush will
produce less streaks, hold
more paint, and drip less
off the brush,

Cheap brushes have a
tendency to drip paint
from the paint can to
the work area, and drip
off the brush at the wall.

The cheaper paint brushes
shed bristles and are hard
to control, especially when
trying to cut a clean line.


Feel the brush



Stroke the brush against the
back of your hand, and feel
the bristles for softness.

Look for a supple, paint
brush, with flagged tips
(split ends), this help smooth
out brush marks, and hold
the paint better.

Check that the hair or
filament are packed solid
so they will hold the paint
and dispense the paint
to the flagged tips as
you paint.

The more paint the brush
can safely hold, means
less trips to the paint can.

Some better brushes have
care instructions on the
back of the brush.

Before using a new paint
brush, wash it in water,
this will remove any loose
bristles.

Once a brush falters, don't
throw it away, keep it as
a duster



Proper Use
of a Paint Brush



Dip the brush into the paint
to one-third the length of
the bristles.

Scrap both sides of the brush
against the paint can before
removing.

By applying this method,
you can prevent paint mess
and wastage.

There are two types of brushes,
natural-bristle and synthetic.

Use the natural bristle brush
for any oil based paint and
the synthetic brush for any
water-thinned paint.

If you use the natural bristle
brush with water-thinned
paint, the bristles will blob
together like a mop and
result in a streaked finish.


Paint Brush Loading



Load the brush properly to
make the paint flow and
spread evenly.

Dip the paintbrush into paint,
1/3 of the bristle length for
water-based paint, and 1/4
bristle length for solvent-based
paint.

Lightly scrape off all sides onto
the rim of the paint can.

The correct amount of paint
on the brush helps prevent
drips and runs.





Preventing Roller
Brush Marks



To prevent roller and brush
marks, finish off with the
unloaded paintbrush or roller.
Finish up using very light
pressure stokes with the paint
roller, and light tip stokes
with a brush.



Painting in Sunlight



When painting in sunlight do
not use ordinary masking tape.

Use professional masking tape,
quality masking tape stands
up better and is easier to
remove.

Ordinary masking tape tends
to rip while unrolling layers
off the roll, which wastes
your time.



Paint Viscosity



To check paint viscosity, dip a
mixing stick into the paint, lift
it out, and let most of the
paint run off.
The remaining paint should
drip off the stick at one drip
per second.

This is the right viscosity for
best handling.



Paint Can Tips



Before storing partly used
paint, mark the level of the
paint on the outside of the can
with a felt marker pen.

Next time, you will know how
full the can is, without having
to open the can.

After you remove the lid
from a metal paint can,
take a screwdriver, and
hammer, and drive three
or four holes in the rim
of the paint can lid groove.

Any paint gathering on the
rim of the can will drain
back into the paint can.

These holes seal over,
when you apply the lid.

Before hammering down
the lid on the paint can,
place the lid in place,
cover with a rag and tap
the lid into place.

This will prevent spatters.



Hair, Nylon,
and Polyester



Animal-hair brushes is used
for oil-based paints

Nylon and polyester brushes
are used for oil based or
water based paints.

Do not use the same brush
for both oil and water based
paints.

The remnant solvents left in
the brush from the latex
paint will react with the
oil based paint leaving a
gummy mess.

Mark the handles to
distinguish them; paint the
handles red for oil and blue
for latex.



How to Revive
a Hardened Paint Brush



To revive a paintbrush with
dried oil base paint, place it
in a pot of white vinegar
and simmer for ten to fifteen
minutes.
Rinse the bristles in water and
hang to dry.


Stiff Paint Brush



To un-stiff a paintbrushes,
place in a solution of one pint
of water to one tablespoon of
hair conditioner, soak for a
few minutes, and work it in,
then rinse in clean water
and hang to dry.

TSP all-purpose heavy duty
cleaner mixed in warm water
will give good results.
Leave the brushes to soak
and check from time to time.



Save on Clean-Up



To save on the cleanup, turn
a plastic bag inside out and
place over paint trays;
simply discard plastic bag
when you are finished rolling.

For unfinished paint jobs,
wrap paint brushes in a
plastic bag and place in a
freezer, simply remove
the next day and
continue painting.

If you are distracted for a
few minutes, in the middle
of a paint project, wrap your
paint brush in a damp rag,
this will keep the paint
from hardening.



How to Position
a Ladder



To place a ladder at the correct
angle, stand with your toes
touching the base of the
ladder.
While standing straight, you
should be able to grasp a
ladder rung at shoulder
height.

You can also use the formula,
one quarter the height of
the ladder will be the
distance from the wall to
the base of the ladder.

Never stand a ladder on a
drop cloth as it could slide
out from under you while you
are standing on it.

If you are working outside,
drive in stakes at the base
of the ladder or tie off the
lower ladder rung to
something solid.

When working on a ladder
use your arms to reach, not
your body.

Always collapse an extension
ladder before moving.

Never climb a closed stepladder.

Never climb higher than
two feet from the top of
a stepladder.

Never Sit on top of a
stepladder no matter how
appealing it may seem.

When doing a lot of ladder
work use square heeled shoes,
with durable synthetic rubber
soles.


Hanging A paint
Can ona Ladder



To hang a paint can on a ladder
rung, make an S shaped hook
from some very stiff wire,
such as heavy-duty clothes
hanger wire.



Painting Stairs
Steps



The first step necessary to
paint a room is to patch holes,
scrap off lumps, and remove
all the hardware.

Properly preparing a room is
the secret to obtaining
profession results.

Generally flat white paint is
used on ceilings and semi-gloss
paint is used on the walls.

Paint the ceiling first.

With a brush, paint a 2-3 inch
strip around the complete
ceiling edge.

Use a paint roller to complete
the rest of the ceiling, a long
handled paint roller works
very well.

Go slow, spinning the roller
too fast can cause paint to
fly off the roller.

After the ceiling dries, paint
a strip around the room walls,
next to the ceiling.

With a brush, also paint around
electrical outlets and receptacles.

Paint with a brush anywhere
you cannot get a paint roller.

Finish painting the walls with
a paint roller.

After painting a room and before
replacing light receptacle plates,
mark on the back, of the plates,
the date, paint color and brand
of paint. This will be handy
information when buying paint
at a later date.



Estimating Paint
Quantity



Determine the square footage
of the area to be painted,
multiply the length of each
wall by the height of the wall.

Ignore doors and windows
measurements.

Then add ten percent to the
figure.

You will have the needed
information for the paint
people. They will tell you how
much paint you will need.




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