Wine Type Guide

Difference between wines
are explained.

Wine Guide

Enjoy all the wine varieties.


Wine, an alcoholic beverage,
is made of fermented fruit
juices, such as grapes,
apples, or berries.

Wine has been around since
about 4500 B.C.

Tasting Wine

The tongue senses different
tastes at different spots of the

Sweetness is detected on the
tip of the tongue, bitterness to
the rear.

Saltiness is detected on the
front sides of the tongue,
as is acidity-sour tastes.

The recommended practice
is to first to use your sense
of smell, then swallow a small
mouth full directly, then
allow a bit of wine to sit in
the mouth, as you swirl it
around the tongue and

Blended Wine

Blended wines are blended
from different grape varieties
of the same vintage.

Vintage wine is one made
from grapes grown in the
same year.

In the United States, if the
wine is vintage, it must contain
95 person of the grapes
harvested that year.

If the wine is not country
labeled, its percentage
only has to be 85 person.

Top Production

Wine top production countries
are, in this order, Italy, France,
Spain, United States, Argentina,
China, South Africa, Australia,
Germany, and Chile.

Health Benefits

Recent studies have shown
that people who drink a glass
or two of wine per day are 25
percent less likely to develop
health problems, like coronary
disease or fatal heart attacks.

Wine consumption also has
been shown to promote good

Wine has also been shown to
help keep the pounds off.

Red Wines

Merlot, pronounced (Mare-Low),
is the most widely grown red
grape in France.

The wine has a delightful flavor
of plums, red currant and mint.

The Merlot grape is a dark fruit
that produces wines rich in colors.
The grape ripens early, because
of the thin skin.

Merlot wine goes well with
cheeses, salads, chocolates,
Italian-style red sauced pasta,
tomato-based dishes, and
dinners of beef, or lamb.

The wine is served at room
temperature, cooling tends to
adversely affect the flavor.

Merlot wine is bottled in
high-shouldered bottles for

Merlot wine stores best
between 55 and 65 degrees

Store the wine in a dark area,
on its side to keep the cork wet.

This prevents any air from
entering and oxidizing the

Store where it is free of
vibration and drastic changes
of temperature.

Allow a day to warm to
room temperature before

European Merlots tend to be
earthier and complex, while
American Merlot tends on
the fruity, and simple side.

All wines need to be stored
free of light, and dampness.

Do not store wine along side
any food capable of fermenting.
If the food rots, the wine can
produce mold also.

Wines store best between 40
degrees F and 55 degrees

Humidity is best between 60
and 70, anything over 80 can
ruin a wine.

Deep colored robust, with
herbal overtones.

Taste has zesty flavors of
black berry, raspberry, anise,
and is much dependent on
the ripeness of the grape.

Alcohol content can exceed
15 percent.

Served with of tomato-sauce
dishes, grilled meats, and
barbecued meats.

Rich full bodied wine, with
concentrated flavors.

Have aromas and flavors
of wild blackberry, plum,
with peppery flavors.

There is hints of licorice,
bitter chocolate, and mocha.

Served with steak, stews,
beef, and wild game.

Best served no warmer than
65 degrees Fahrenheit.

Cabernet Sauvignon
Full-bodied, with tastes of
rich currant, and green bell
pepper flavors.

Hints of mint, black cherries,
plum and black currant being
the dominate.

High alcohol levels.

Served with red meats, but
not with spicy foods.

Pinot Noir
Light bodied, with a velvety
texture, flavors of sweet red
berries, plums, cherries,
strawberry, and tomatoes.

Hints of tea-leaf and damp

There is an aroma of blackberry
and ripe grapes.

It has a spiciness, somewhat
like cinnamon, sassafras, or

Lighter than Chardonnay
wines, but high in alcohol

Served with chicken and pork.

White Wines

Full bodied, crisp, and spicy,
with strong aromas of flowery

Fruity flavored, with aroma of
rose, peach, and all spice.
Hints of mango, and spices
like nutmeg, and cloves.

Served with spicy curry dishes,
sauerkraut, pork, Chinese,
Mexican, and Asian dishes.

Serve at 50 degrees Fahrenheit

Crisp, refreshing, slightly sweet
with an steely acidity balance.

Produced with variations
between dry to sweet, and light
to full bodied.

Has aromatics of apple, peach,
and pear.
Hints of honey, floral, and spice.

Served with fish, chicken,
and pork.

Served best at 47 degrees
Fahrenheit , slightly warmer
than the fridge.

Crisp dry wine, with flavors of
citrus, lemon, and grapefruit,
with hints of oak, butter,
melon and vanilla.

Served with fish and chicken.

Best served at 48 degrees

Sauvignon Blanc
Lighter than Chardonnay
Sauvignon Blanc.

Flavored with herbal varieties,
with hints of bell peppers and
freshly mowed grass.

Flavors are melon, mango,
black current, sour green
fruits, apple, pear, and

Served with sea foods, poultry,
and salads.

Served best between 50 and
55 degrees Fahrenheit.

Balance of a Wine

Acidity is part of the tartness
that is critical for flavor.

Fruit concentration that gives
it the wine a fruity character.

Adds weight to the wine,
the correct percentage
makes a good wine.

Tannin causes the dry
sensation of a wine.

Residual sugar left over
from the fermentation,
the drier the wine, the less

New Discoveries

New strains of yeast are being
developed that produce fewer
amines, chemicals in red wine
and Chardonnay that produce
off flavors that can trigger
headaches, hypertension, and

Look forward to better wines.
These ML01 wines are already
on the store shelf.


Check the label to make
sure you are getting the
wine from the country stated
on the bottle, many different
wines are bought by some
producers, mixed, bottled,
and sold with their label
on the bottle.


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