Cutting, moving, measuring,
and piling firewood tips.

Making Kindling

Tips to make splitting wood.

Making Kindling

To make kindling you need
a small hatchet, gloves,
safety glasses and a solid
piece of wood to chop on.

Short pieces of wood, 4 to
6 inches in length split
the easiest.

Short pieces of kindling
are great for starting a
fire, and you end up
with more kindling
from the wood supply.

Place your chopping block
of wood on solid ground.

The solidness beneath the
wood, sends shock waves
back into the wood

when splitting, this helps
split the wood.

Soft ground absorbs the
blow of the axe reducing
its usefulness.

The axe should not be
too sharp, only sharp
enough to act as a wedge.

You are not cutting the
wood, only prying it apart.

The axe blade only need be
sharp enough to wedge into
the wood a short distance,
with light force.

One would call this a dull

Once the head is into the
wood, the outward prying
splits the wood.

Choose your wood to be
split, dry with no knots.

A good straight grain
wood will split easiest.

Pine and cedar splits very

A short piece of dry
dimension lumber, about
four to six inches long
makes good kindling.

Gloves and safety glasses
on, for a right handed person,
hold the wood to be split with
your left hand, about two
inches down from the top
edge of the left side of the

Grip the hatchet, on the
handle, with your right
hand, where the axe feels
balanced and comfortable.

Place the wood to be split
on the solid chopping block,
balance it with your left

Lift the hatchet just high
enough to produce enough
force on the downward
stroke to simply enter the
wood, just enough so the
wood sticks to the axe blade.

Release your left hand from
the wood and place both
hands on the handle of
the axe.

Next raise the axe with the
embedded wood together as
a unit.

Bang the wood down onto the
chopping block, with the axe
still embedded in the wood
to split, repeat this action
until the wood splits apart.

The weight of the axe does
the job, not hard swings of
the axe.

A hatchet of about one to
two pounds, is about right.

If the axe is too light, you
have to swing harder, too
heavy is clumsy and over
kill, and will tire you out

Repeat the procedure until
the wood is reduced to

The Woodpile

Build your wood pile with
the big picture in mind,
this will save you time and
frustration later.

Place the long burning
wood to one end of the pile,
such as birch, this will be
used for nighttime and

Towards the other end of
the pile place all the wood
with rot, light wood, knotty,
unshapely, very short,
and very long pieces

These pieces will be burnt
in the day, when only a
few pieces are burnt at
a time.

The very long pieces may
have to go into the stove
sideways to make it fit,
nighttime time is not the
time to find out it will
not fit, while one end is
in the stove and on fire.

One stick of wood will
give about half an hour
of heat.

A cord of wood is 128 cu ft.

Examples of One Cord

4 ft. x 4 ft. x 8 ft.

4 ft. x 2 ft. x 16 ft.

Wood 16 inches in length,
row 6 ft. high, 16 ft. long.

Cord of Wood

History of the Axe

The first axes were made
of stone over 10,000 years

The stone axe progressed
to copper, then bronze,
iron and steel.

The iron axe originated
in Europe, but was later
manufactured in North

The axe designed and built in
North America was more
designed to fell large trees.
The handle was long and
had a double bitted
iron head.

The axe usually had one
sharp blade and the other
The sharp side was for
cutting deeply into wood,
the dull blade was for
splitting wood, and
chopping tree roots in
the ground.


Save birch bark for
starting fires.

Safety Equipment

Hard hat.

Safety glasses.

Hearing protection.

Leather gloves.

Good solid leather boots
to promote footing
stability, and protection.

Safety chainsaw chaps.

Work with a partner.

Build a firewood
hauling cart

Look for a small inexpensive
cart and add a couple of
front bars to hold the wood.

Add a wood strip down the
back center, to keep short
pieces of wood from falling

Home Hardware and Canadian
Tire sell these small carts.

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Community Since 1998
All Rights Reserved.

Fire Wood Gathering,
at findnchoose.

You might be interested
in these links.

Trees Cord Calculator

Cords of Wood

Cord of Wood Height

Cord of Wood Weight

Cords of Wood
Shed Calculator

Timber Board Feet

Truck Bed Cord

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